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Toponym

Many toponyms remain in Anarita that were handed down from generation to generation. These toponyms were inspired by names of Saints and local people, peculiarities of the soil and everyday life stories. A list of the toponyms of the community and a short comment on them follows.

Toponyms:

Azonias: A cliff, which is divided in two by a layer of different soil.

Ais Nisiforos or Ais Nikiforos: SaintOnisiforos

Ais Pifanis: Saint Epiphanios

Akones: stones, where the locals used to whet knives and other agricultural devices.

Ammatiki: Saint Iamatiki

Asprokremmos: white cliff, where Asprokremmos dam is located

Vassilina: located at Phinikas village borders. This is where the Phoenician kingdom was supposed to be located and that is why the area was named Phinikas. It is also related to the many palm trees (phinikas) found in the area. S. Menandros mentions that the name “Phinikas” stems from “ancient times, from one of the palm trees (phinikas) located in the area”, before the Greek language had grouped all fruit bearing trees into feminine.

Vryssi tou Bey (Bey’s Fountain): this toponym is inextricably connected to a greedy bey during Turkish domination, who used to usurp all plots of land he found interesting while horse riding through the area. A peasant whose land was taken by the bey killed him, when the bay stopped at this fountain to rest and to give some water to his horse.

Yiofyri tou Xerou (Xeros’s Bridge): located near the borders of Kouklia. Asprokremos dam is located in the river bed of River Xeros.

Elia tou Vraggou (Vraggos’s Olive tree): an olive tree in the area since Frank domination

Karamani: an area, where a Turkish soldier camp used to be located during Turkish domination. Karamanoi, namely soldiers from Karamania (Asia Minor) used to be sent here so as to submit Christians.

Kilttokampos: kampos (plain) where kilittin (Turkish word for kirittin), namely tourneys took place

Kinkilis: onomatopoeia stemming from kinklizo (gurgle), namely the sound running water makes.

Klisoures: a footpath used by the Turks in Mandria to reach the village of Phinikas, also Turkish. The inhabitants of Anarita were afraid that maybe the Turks of these villages would unite and attack them; so they blocked the footpath with a small gate, which was always locked and guarded.

Laouromia: an area with many wild rabbits. The Greeks would not let the Turks hunt in this area and this lead to many arguments.

Lizata: the word is derived by the Frank word “lizios” (=bondservant) and the Latin-related ending –atos, -ati, -aton, which indicated ownership.

Mono(D)entris: Byzantine word: monodendrion. The word refers to the prophecy diffused by the Turks just before Constantinople was taken by the Turks. According to the prophecy “an angel with a broad axe will deliver the kingship and the broad axe to a man and will say to him: take the broad axe and take revenge from the people of the Lord. Turks and Greeks will then hunt them to the borders of Persia, to a place called Monodenrio”.

Papoutas: the area where the inhabitants of Anarita killed Papoutas. He used to come from another village deceived them and stole their animals. Hence, they put him in a bag and rolled him down from a cliff.

Pezouna: a big olive tree in the middle of the village, where the pigeons (pezounia) used to gather and eat the olives from the tree.

Syrmata: plots of land purchased by a man and divided into pats, by drawing lines.

Tromarchis: stemming form the Byzantine word tourmatchis, which means leader of Tourma (military body). It is a huge piece of land that reached Paphos-Limassol highway.

Source:

Anarita Community Council

 

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